St. Francis (San Francisco), 16th Century, Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala.
Founded in 1524 shortly after the Conquest, this early monastery complex served the Tlaxcalecan allies of Hernan Cortes. Construction on the monastery began around 1536, and the open chapel, one of the earliest in New Spain, was complete in 1539. Visitors can still view the open chapel\'s graceful ogee arches, evidence of Moorish influence on Spanish architecture. Behind the austere simplicity of the church facade lies another superb example of mudejar (Moorish) architecture - an intricately carved cedar ceiling punctuated with dazzling gilded stars.